The body can convert excess carbohydrate into fat, which is essentially a stored form of fuel. Fats are our most concentrated energy nutrient. They are classified into saturated and unsaturated fats, according to their building blocks, the fatty acids. Fat influence on the body includes the production of cholesterol and calories.
Protein, the basic building block of the body, is essential for growth, tissue building and repair. It is found in the protoplasm of every cell, where it serves as an inner skeleton that helps the cell maintain its integrity. Protein is made up of amino acids in which nitrogen is the key ingredient, in combination with carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, and iron. I will examine the digestion of proteins and their influence on the human body, especially the typically high-protein, meat rich American diet that contributes to major disease. It will also look at the protein concentration in various food groups and their impact on the body and mind.
The three basic nutrients carbohydrates, fats, and protein are the fuel and building materials that are used by the body in bulk. Micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals, by contrast are analogous to the screws and bolts necessary for the construction and operation of the human body. Some act as catalysts that prompt compounds to interact. Sixteen vitamins and about sixty minerals make up the number of essential micronutrients that are needed to perform very specific and vital bodily functions. They are called essential because they cannot be manufactured by the body, but must be obtained through the diet on a regular basis. A deficiency of just one essential micronutrient can cause major illness. To understand their function and influence in the human body, micronutrients are described as a group, and individually.
By having a general knowledge of nutrition, including the composition of maintaining their state of equilibrium, we can better understand what makes us sick and how disease came about. By understanding how the food we eat can contribute to our health problems, we can gain control of our health and promote the body s intelligence to heal itself.

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